Children’s Orthodontists

We’re orthodontists in London (Chelsea & Marylebone). Unlike adult crowns, crowns for children’s baby teeth are pre-manufactured in different sizes and shapes, then adjusted by the dentist in situ for the perfect fit. Children’s crowns can be made from metal or tooth-coloured ceramic (your dentist will talk you and your child through the benefits of both options), and are durable enough to last until the natural tooth falls out.

What is orthodontic treatment?

Orthodontic treatment commonly uses fixed or removable braces to treat malalignment of the teeth or jaws, or sometimes both. Common problems that are corrected by an orthodontist include:

  • Crooked teeth
  • Protruding front teeth
  • Crossbites
  • Cessation of habits, like thumb sucking and correcting the bite once this has stopped.

Another key to an aspect of orthodontic treatment is – managing the development of the teeth. This means making sure all the teeth are present, in the right location, at the right time and developing normally. If not, then an orthodontist will often make recommendations or plan treatment to ensure development is normal.

What is an orthodontist ?

An orthodontist at our two Happy Kids Dental clinics in London, Chelsea & Marylebone, will always carry out your’s or your child’s treatment.

An orthodontist is someone who has attended university to qualify as a dentist and also would have worked as a dentist, for a few years. He/she would then have attended an internationally recognized 3-year programme —  to gain academic and clinical training to specialize as an orthodontist.
A consultant orthodontist is a term used in the UK. She/ he is as an orthodontist who would have trained for an additional 2 years – to gain further experience in the management of more complex orthodontic problems, that often require multi speciality input.

When should an orthodontist first examine my child?

The American Association of Orthodontics recommends that all children see an orthodontist at the age of 6 years old.
This means any problems with the developing teeth or bites, maybe identified and treated/intercepted early. This will help avoid complications and potentially more complex treatment. At Happy Kids Dental an orthodontist will always carry out your or your child’s treatment.

What is the best age for my child to start orthodontic treatment?

The real answer is, it depends on a few things. These include:

  1. The nature problem – some orthodontic issues are better treated early and others better treated later. For instance thumb sucking habits and cross bites are better managed as early as 8 years to avoid unwanted permanent effects on the teeth and bite.
  2. The impact of the problem on your child’s over all well being –  For instance, if a problem like protruding teeth is causing a negative impact on a child’s self-esteem  (e.g. not smiling, bullying at school, feeling self- conscious) – then this can be treated as early as 8 years old.  
  3. Your child’s dental health – Before starting any orthodontic treatment, it is essential that the teeth and gums are healthy. If the orthodontist indefinites an issues at your examination – they refer to the dentist to stabilize your oral health, before starting any orthodontic treatment.
  4. The cooperation of your child

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Latest news


We have 3 orthodontists in London, with world-class education from top UK and USA universities and with more than 10 years of experience of children’s orthodontics.

Stephanie Oiknine

Specialist Orthodontist

Specialist Orthodontist
GDC No. 195243

Stephanie completed her specialist training in orthodontics at King’s College London. Stephanie was awarded the distinction for her outstanding work on her Master’s degree and the membership in Orthodontics by the Royal College of Surgeons. Stephanie originally qualified in dentistry at Tel Aviv University. She then undertook further training in advanced general dentistry and trained with experts in the field of aesthetic dentistry at the Hadassah University of Jerusalem. After practising for five years in general and aesthetic dentistry, she relocated to London and began her specialist training in orthodontics. Her background in aesthetic dentistry has given Stephanie an eye for detail that is often lacking in traditional orthodontics.

Stephanie believes that orthodontics is about more than straight teeth; it is where art meets science, and detail meets beauty. At Happy Kids Dental, Stephanie uses the most contemporary techniques to provide orthodontics for children. She believes in interceptive treatments for children, where possible avoiding extraction, working with growth and development patterns, as well as functional treatments and fixed braces.

A certified Invisalign practitioner, Stephanie is also qualified to provide Incognito and WIN lingual braces. She considers all modern systems for her cases, including ceramic braces.

Stephanie has expertise with cases involving jaw surgery and those requiring multidisciplinary treatments involving restorative dentistry or gum surgery. She works closely with the team to provide results that encompass all aspects of the smile, jaw, and face.

Dr. Stephanie Oiknine

Specialist Orthodontist

GDC No. 195243

Amina Abdel-Karim

Consultant Orthodontist

BDS (Bristol) MFDS RCS Eng, MSc, MOrth RCSEd, FDS Orth RCSEd
Consultant Orthodontist
GDC No. 83881

Dr. Amina Abdel-Karim

Consultant Orthodontist

BDS (Bristol) MFDS RCS Eng, MSc, MOrth RCSEd, FDS Orth RCSEd
GDC No. 83881

Dr Evdokia Papagalani

Specialist Orthodontist

D.D.S,Ohio State University,USA, M.Sc
Specialist Orthodontist
GDC No. 228487

Dr. Kia Papagalani has been delivering premium orthodontic care for more than two decades. She has treated patients with some of the rarest dental deformities and specialises in treating complex and interdisciplinary cases while working closely with other members of the dental team.
Kia completed her Specialisation in Orthodontics and her Master’s in Science, researching advanced orthodontic diagnostic techniques, at Ohio State University, USA. Her commitment to providing the highest quality orthodontic treatment is supported by her ongoing professional development and training in the latest technologies and techniques.
Kia is an experienced provider of a wide range of braces, including the Damon system, Insignia Advanced Smile Design custom made braces(Premier Provider in UK), clear aesthetic braces, Incognito lingual braces and Invisalign clear aligners for teens.
She has been appointed as a Clinical Lecturer for the Master’s in Clinical Orthodontics at the College of Dentistry University program, where she shares her experiences and trains the next generation of dental graduates. She is a member of the American Association of Orthodontists and the British Orthodontic Society.
At Happy Kids Dental, Kia offers her patients a range of treatment options, combining the latest innovative techniques as an orthodontic specialist. She recognizes that orthodontic treatment and a child’s growth complement each other. Her special interests include non-extraction treatments, smile aesthetics and facial-driven orthodontics.
Early and two-phase orthodontic treatment may prevent more serious problems from developing and also may make treatment at a later age shorter and less complicated. Kia addresses the needs of each patient individually and does not apply “cookie-cutter” treatment plans. Each child differs in both physiological development and treatment needs and approach. Unique problems require a unique treatment plan. What is right for one child may not be for another one.
Kia’s goal is to provide each patient with the most appropriate treatment at the most appropriate time, and to ensure that it gets the very best results from this.
Kia is a strong believer that “a smile is the universal welcome” and she finds it very rewarding when children and parents have a positive experience during the orthodontic journey .

Dr Evdokia Papagalani

Specialist in Orthodontics

D.D.S, Ohio State University,USA,M.Sc
GDC No. 228487


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